The PII is comprised of 161-item self-report assessment intended for prison inmates, male and female, screening. The items comprise 10 scales: 1) Truthfulness Scale; 2) Violence Scale; 3) Alcohol Scale; 4) Drug Scale and 5) Stress Management Scale; 6) Antisocial Scale; 7) Adjustment Scale; 8) Distress Scale; 9) Judgment Scale; 10) Self-Esteem. 4 risk classifications, along with clinical judgment are used to inform treatment recommendations. Test administration requires 25-30 minutes and can be completed individually or in groups; tests are administered as paper/pencil or using a computer.

Prison Inmate Inventory (PII), Scientific Findings.

Degiorgio, L. (2013). Managing inmate risk in the United States: Construct and predictive validity of the Prison Inmate Inventory. International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, (8)2, 120-132.

Degiorgio, L. (2014). Self-reported inmate conduct: Using static and dynamic factors to predict inmate recidivism. Submitted to The Prison Journal, October 2014. This is a proof copy.

Degiorgio, L. (2013) Establishing construct and predictive validity of the Prison Inmate Inventory (PII) for use with female inmates. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology doi: 10.1177/0306624x13506393

Amato, F. (2012). The relationship of violence to gender role conflict and conformity to masculine norms in a forensic sample. Journal of Men's Studies, 20, 3, 187-208.

Degiorgio & Wegner (2012, Unpublished)-reliability, validity and accuracy of the PII were established. The PII was able to differentiate between offenders with higher risk and consequently more needs.

Amato, F. & MacDonald, J. (2011). Examining risk factors for homeless men: Gender role conflict, help-seeking behaviors, substance abuse and violence. Journal of Men's Studies, 19, 3, 227-235.

Davingnon, D. (2003). Assessment Driven Treatment. Corrections Forum, 30-32.

Davingnon, D. (2002). Prison Inmate Inventory: Inmates Risk and Needs Assessment. Internal report commissioned by Behavior Data Systems.

Ohio RSAT Outcome Evaluation: Final Report (2002). National Institute of Justice publication (#99RT-VX-K025).

Patenaude & Laufersweiller-Dwyer (2002)-report published by the US Department of Justice

Collins (2010, Unpublished dissertation)-stress coping abilities and violent behavior had a significant relationship as measured by the PII